Three People in UK Diagnosed with Brucella Canis, a Disease Usually Confined to Dogs

Three People in UK Diagnosed with Brucella Canis, a Disease Usually Confined to Dogs

Three individuals in the United Kingdom have been diagnosed with Brucella canis, a bacterial infection typically found in dogs. This disease causes pain, lameness, and infertility in canines and can also spread to humans through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids. While human cases are usually mild, Brucella canis can lead to more severe conditions such as meningitis and septicemia.

The first person to be diagnosed with this infection in the UK was Wendy Hayes from Stoke-on-Trent. She contracted the disease from her rescue dog during the birthing process and was forced to euthanize her five family dogs. Another person with the infection, who worked at a veterinary clinic, was identified through routine testing despite showing no symptoms.

Since the summer of 2020, there has been an increasing number of reports of Brucella canis infection in dogs, particularly in those imported from Eastern Europe. The number of cases in dogs rose from nine in 2020 to 91 this year. Although the disease is not always life-threatening in dogs, it is incurable and the only way to control transmission is through euthanasia.

Signs of Brucella canis in dogs include lethargy, premature aging, and back pain. Some dogs may appear asymptomatic. In humans, no fatal cases have been reported, but symptoms can include fever, headaches, weight loss, and in severe cases, meningitis, septicaemia, and arthritis. It can take years for symptoms to present themselves and they may recur over several years.

While there are no known cases of the disease transmitting between humans, it is believed to be possible through blood transfusion. The Human Animal Infections and Risk Surveillance (HAIRS) recommends that dog breeders and charities importing dogs from overseas should test for Brucella canis. Vets treating imported dogs are also advised to use appropriate personal protective equipment to minimize the risk of infection.

– Original article:
– Human Animal Infections and Risk Surveillance (HAIRS) report

All Rights Reserved 2021.
| .