Summary: A recent study conducted by researchers led by Junichi Ishigami sought to identify the risk factors associated with lower influenza vaccination rates among individuals living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The study found that younger age, Black race, and adverse social determinants of health were factors associated with lower vaccine uptake. Moreover, individuals with certain comorbidities, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and frailty, were also less likely to receive the influenza vaccine.
The study, published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases, analyzed data from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) and reported an overall vaccination rate of 72% between 2009 and 2020. However, only 44% of the participants consistently received the annual influenza vaccine.
The findings highlight the need for improvement in vaccine uptake among CKD patients. Targeting individuals who face barriers to vaccination, such as younger adults, Black individuals, and those with adverse social determinants of health, may help increase vaccination rates. The study also emphasizes the potential role of nephrology care in promoting vaccination and suggests further research should explore the effectiveness of vaccination programs in this setting.
Involving patient-level stakeholders, including family members and caregivers, may help address vaccine hesitancy and improve preventive health care. Understanding the reasons behind vaccine hesitancy, such as concerns about side effects or convenient access to vaccination, can inform the development of tailored vaccination programs.
– National Kidney Foundation
– Ishigami, J., et al. (2023). Factors Associated With Non-Vaccination for Influenza Among Patients With CKD: Findings From the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2023.06.007.