Nagaland, a state in Northeast India, is committed to achieving Measles Rubella Elimination in alignment with the national agenda. The objective is clear: to eliminate the transmission of endemic Measles and Rubella (MR) cases and achieve a target vaccination coverage of 95%.
To ensure effective implementation, the state conducted a coverage analysis to identify areas with suboptimal MR vaccination coverage. As a result, MR Elimination drives were carried out in April-May and August-September, with a mop-up vaccination schedule planned for November 20 to 30.
The MR vaccine is administered in two doses. The first dose (MR1) is given at nine months, while the second dose (MR2) is administered between 16-24 months. Even if a child misses either dose, the vaccine can be given until they reach five years of age. With a focus on children aged nine months to five years, the MR Elimination Drive aims to cover both the MR1 dose and those who missed the MR2 dose.
While the State reports commendable coverage rates of 96% for MR1 and 92% for MR2, it acknowledges the existence of inter-district variations. As a result, the goal is to achieve over 95% coverage in all districts, ensuring that no child is left behind.
Addressing left-outs and drop-outs is a priority in Nagaland’s vaccination campaign. The state has conducted Intensified Mission Indradhanush rounds and regular Routine Immunization to bridge the gap. Through these efforts, they have identified fear of side effects and lack of awareness as significant barriers to complete immunization.
Recognizing the importance of community involvement, Nagaland is actively engaging with various stakeholders. Advocacy efforts are underway to raise awareness about the significance of timely vaccination, reassuring parents that the MR vaccines are available free of charge at all government health facilities.
Collaboration is key to achieving success in the MR Elimination campaign. Nagaland is partnering with allied departments, Faith-Based Organizations, Civil Society Organizations, Village Council Chairpersons, and various community groups. Together, they aim to ensure that every child under five years receives their MR dose during the upcoming Mop-up round in Government Health Units.
Q: What is Measles Rubella Elimination?
A: Measles Rubella Elimination refers to the complete eradication of endemic Measles and Rubella cases in a specified region or population.
Q: What are the MR vaccine doses and age groups?
A: The MR vaccine is given as a two-dose schedule. The first dose (MR1) is administered at nine months, and the second dose (MR2) is given between 16-24 months. Children who miss either dose can receive the vaccine until they turn five years old.
Q: What are the reasons for incomplete immunization?
A: In Nagaland, fear of side effects and lack of awareness have been identified as significant reasons for incomplete immunization.
Q: How is Nagaland involving the community in the vaccination campaign?
A: Nagaland recognizes the importance of community involvement and is actively engaging with various stakeholders, including allied departments, Faith-Based Organizations, Civil Society Organizations, Village Council Chairpersons, and community groups to raise awareness and ensure comprehensive vaccination coverage.