Updates on Infectious Diseases in the Pacific Region

Updates on Infectious Diseases in the Pacific Region

In recent weeks, several countries in the Pacific region have reported outbreaks of various infectious diseases. This article provides an overview of the latest updates and highlights the key information.

Diarrhoea Outbreak in Fiji

Fiji is currently experiencing an ongoing diarrhoeal disease outbreak in the Balevuto Medical Area. The outbreak, which began in August, has resulted in 96 cases so far. The presence of Shigella sonnei, enteropathogenic E. coli, and the parasite Entamoeba histolytica has been confirmed through testing. While hospital admissions have decreased, six patients remain hospitalized. Further specialized testing will be conducted to gather more information.

Surge in Diarrhea Cases in FSM, Pohnpei State

Pohnpei State in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has witnessed a surge in diarrhea cases for the past four weeks. However, the source of the outbreak remains undetermined. The situation is being closely monitored by the EpiNet team in FSM.

Increase in Influenza-Like Illness in FSM, Yap State

Yap State in FSM has reported an ongoing increase in Influenza-Like Illness (ILI) cases. The number of cases has exceeded the established threshold for ILI over the past 11 weeks. Recent lab results have identified cases of Enterovirus/Rhinovirus and Influenza A subtype H1 2009. The multi-agent aetiology of the increase in ILI cases has led to a grey alert being added to the map.

Warning against Consumption of Certain Chicken Products in Australia

An outbreak of Listeriosis, a serious bacterial infection, has been linked to M & J Chickens’ Easy Serve Breast Fillet Shredded Chicken in Australia. The suspected association with the product has caused cautionary measures to be implemented. While an official food recall is anticipated, businesses and individuals are advised to cease using the product.

Malaria Outbreak in Solomon Islands

In Honiara, the capital city of the Solomon Islands, a total of 157 malaria positive cases were recorded in a recent week. The top five hotspot communities for malaria cases are Lau valley, Kobito, Adaliua, Banana Valley, and Tasahe B.

Measles Alert in Western Australia

The Western Australia Health Department issued a measles alert following a confirmed case of measles in a traveler returning from Bali. The public is urged to remain vigilant and seek medical attention if they exhibit any symptoms of measles.

Monkeypox Cases Reported in New South Wales, Australia

New cases of monkeypox (mpox) have been reported in New South Wales, Australia. Vaccination is emphasized, especially for individuals traveling overseas or in contact with recent international arrivals.

The 17th Pacific Games in Solomon Islands

The 17th Pacific Games, the largest mass gathering sporting event in the Pacific region, will be held in the Solomon Islands from 19 November to 2 December 2023. The event will bring together up to 5,000 athletes from 24 countries and territories, participating in 24 different sports.

First Case of Novel Influenza A(H1N1) Variant in the Netherlands

The Netherlands has reported its first case of a novel swine-origin influenza A(H1N1) variant in 2023. This strain is distinct from the pandemic/2009 H1N1 strain. Although the source of infection remains unknown and there is no evidence of person-to-person transmission, the risk of community or international spread is assessed as low.


  • Fiji Ministry of Health & Medical Services
  • Yap State Department of Health Services
  • Queensland Health
  • Solomon Islands Government, Ministry of Health & Medical Services
  • Government of Western Australia, Department of Health
  • NSW Health
  • 2023 Pacific Games Solomon Islands website
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
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